2020-09-14来源：本网 【字体:大 中 小】
Guangdong province is the famous hometown of overseas Chinese. There is an old saying that where we can find the sea, we can find overseas Cantonese. From ancient times to the present, many Cantonese traveled a long way across the sea to settle down in foreign countries, bringing prosperity to both his families and the local people. Nowadays, over 30 million overseas Cantonese live in more than 160 countries and areas, playing the role of Chinese culture disseminator, envoy of friendship between China and other countries, promoter of One Bell One Road , and supporter of peaceful reunification. They have provided great support to China’s revolution and construction. The history and culture of them is of unique characteristic.
Why we build this museum is to memorize the history of overseas Chinese and encourage the young people to create a better future.
The first section consists of four parts, foreign trade, indentured labor, Chinese exclusion, and settling down, displaying to audiences the history, reasons, and features of overseas Cantonese’s emigration. Overseas Cantonese has a long emigration history, with the features of great amount, large scale, and wide distribution.
The second section consists of eight parts, virgin land development, agriculture, mining, transportation, commerce, financial industry, and service industry. It displays how the overseas Cantonese overcame new challenges and difficulties abroad. They are audacious and pragmatic to develop virgin land, mines, railways, and service industry, and construct cities and villages, contributing to the economic and social development of countries of residence. They have gone down in the history of many countries.
The third section consists of six parts, Chinese temple, Chinese associations, Chinese education, Chinese media, Chinese drama, and Chinese Kung Fu. It displays the community life of overseas Cantonese abroad, and the development of Chinatown, which is essential to the daily life of overseas Chinese and performs the function of Chinese culture dissemination and business interchange.
The fourth session consists of six parts, Xinhai revolution, aviation development, Flying Tiger, second sino-Japanese war, and fighting side by side. It displays overseas Cantonese’s deep concern over China’s fate when living abroad. They provided great support to the Xinhai revolution led by Mr. Sun Yat-sen, bravely joined in the second sino-Japanese war, contributed a lot to Chinese people’s victory in wars against feudal governance, Japanese invaders, colonists, and Fascism.
The fifth section consists of six parts, industry development, remittance letter, charity activities, family letter, and foreign sports. It displays how oversea Cantonese sent money back every month to support his family’s living, buy real estate in China, and renovate family grave. Meanwhile, they made enormous investment and donated much to the charity programs in China, promoting the economic and social development of their hometown.
The sixth session is divided into four parts according to time sequence, the Qing dynasty period, the Republic of China period, the Yanan period, and the People’s Republic of China period. It displays how the Qing government set up consulates abroad to protect overseas Chinese’s rights, send young Chinese to study in the USA, build the Jinan school to develop overseas Chinese education, and attract investment from overseas Chinese. The republic of China set up office of overseas Chinese, abolished indentured Chinese labor system, opened tutoring lesson for returned overseas Chinese students, settled down returned Chinese refugees, and called on overseas Chinese to fight against Japanese invaders. The people’s republic of China improved the operation of overseas Chinese affairs organizations and issued many relevant laws and policies to protect overseas Chinese’s rights. During the cultural revolution period, overseas Chinese affair work was seriously destroyed due to the extremely left-leaning policy. It was after the implementation of the reform and opening up policy that the overseas Chinese affairs work revived and warmed the hearts of overseas Chinese again.